What’s the real difference between eau de parfum and eau de toilette?

The difference between Eau de Parfum and Eau de Toilette

They’re more than fancy-sounding French words

So, after much debate, you’ve finally selected your new scent – good one! But now you’re stuck with an eau de parfum (EDP) in one hand and an eau de toilette (EDT) in the other, and you haven’t the faintest clue which one to go for. What’s a gal to do? 

Learning the lingo will help make your decision easier. The terms EDT and EDP actually mean something very specific – they’re not just fancy French words! And they offer a big hint as to the intensity, price and longevity of the perfume.

Fragrance specialist Samantha Taylor from The Powder Room says the major difference between an eau de parfum and an eau de toilette has to do with the perfume concentration in each scent. Basically, an eau de parfum is a stronger perfume than an eau de toilette.

“The only difference between an eau de parfum and an eau de toilette is the amount of ‘juice’ or perfume concentrate mixed with alcohol,” explains Taylor. “There can be a very subtle difference in the scent, but that is just because one has more or less ‘juice’ in alcohol; the actual [smell of the] ‘juice’ is the same.”

In a nutshell, a high fragrance concentration means there are more essential perfume oils and less alcohol. According to Taylor, an eau de toilette is made up of five to 15 per cent oils, whereas an eau de parfum has a 15 to 20 per cent concentration.

As eau de toilettes contain less perfume oils, you’ll find that their price is usually a lot lower than that of an eau de parfum. Just keep in mind – since EDPs are more potent, you can get away with applying less; whereas an EDT may take a couple of spritzes to get your desired intensity.

Not only does the concentration of each scent affect the intensity, but it also impacts how long it will last. “Perfume concentrations dictate how long the perfume lasts on your skin, although the individual skin type and fragrance family can also play into this,” says Taylor.

Since an eau de toilette is made with a smaller dose of perfume oils, it typically only lasts around four hours. The top notes – the first scent released by a perfume – are dominant, making it refreshing when it is first applied, however it evaporates from the skin quite quickly. An eau de toilette is the perfect type of fragrance to use day to day, as it’s less intense; even if you do go overboard, it’ll lighten up fairly quickly.

An eau de parfum, on the other hand, lasts for around six hours. Unlike an eau de toilette, after the top notes have faded, the middle notes or heart notes of an EDP become noticeable. Since it’s more intense than an eau de toilette, it’s a great option for a night out.

“I don’t like ‘rules’ in fragrance, I think you should wear what you want when you want, but do be aware of your surroundings and your schedule.,” says Taylor, adding that it’s generally best to wear lighter concentrations during the day, and heavier concentrations at night

If you would like more tips on how to make your perfume last longer, check out these seven application tricks.

What is your favourtie kind of scent? Do you prefer eau de toilettes or eau de parfums? Let us know in the comment section below.

Main image credit: Getty

Erin Docherty is a Contributing Beauty Writer for BEAUTYcrew. She has a keen interest in cosmeceutical skin care and is currently working on minimising her 9-step skin care routine – because ain’t nobody got time for that. When she’s not writing about the latest beauty news, or applying copious amounts of serum, you can find her spending all her money in Sephora.